Starting in the 1830s, the Dutch instituted a sugar-growing system in some areas, building 94 sugar-processing factories, as well as roads and railroads to transport materials and products. Generally the Dutch would export high-quality sugar from Indonesia while keeping lower-quality sugar in the country.
What did the Dutch do to Indonesia?
During colonial rule, Dutch forces regularly committed atrocities and Indonesian civilians were tortured, raped, and executed. Even in the last years of colonialism, thousands of supporters of independence were jailed. The men who led these atrocities have often been lionized in the Netherlands.
How did the Dutch influence Indonesia?
Traces of Dutch influences in Indonesia include Dutch origin loanwords in Indonesian and cuisine. Some Indonesian dishes have been adopted and, in turn, influenced Dutch cuisine. … Another legacy of colonial rule in Indonesia is the legal system that was inherited from the Dutch.
How did the presence of the Dutch alter affect Indonesian society?
The Dutch brought new technology over to Indonesia. After they became an independent country, they even elected a president. Negative Effects: The Dutch destroyed the peaceful way of life of the Indonesian people by bringing violence into the country.
How did the Dutch control Indonesia?
The colonial period of Indonesia did not immediately start when the Dutch first arrived in the archipelago at the end of the 16th century. … In 1796 the VOC went bankrupt and was nationalized by the Dutch state. As a consequence its possessions in the archipelago passed into the hands of the Dutch crown in 1800.
When were the Dutch kicked out of Indonesia?
The Dutch state took over the VOC’s possessions in the Indonesian archipelago after it was abolished in 1796.
When did the Dutch lose control of Indonesia?
The Dutch finally ended all resistance to the superior Japanese forces on March 8, surrendering on Java. Java’s independence of colonial control became a final fact of history in 1950, when it became part of the newly independent Republic of Indonesia.
Did the Dutch have slaves in Indonesia?
The Dutch government abolished slavery in its former Asian territories as late as 1860, followed by its American colonies in 1863. In practice however, after 1860 slavery continued to exist for many years in the Indonesian archipelago, albeit on a reduced scale.
Why did the Dutch invade Indonesia?
The Dutch arrived in Indonesia in 1595 looking for natural resources and a place to take over.
How did Indonesia gain independence from the Dutch?
Indonesia gained its independence at the end of WW2 in 1945. The Dutch ruled Indonesia until the Japenese invasion and subsequent occupation in 1942. … After the Japanese surrendered in 1945, Indonesia was declared independent by Sukarno, the country’s first president.
Why do the Dutch eat Indonesian food?
When the Dutch East India Company (VOC) went bankrupt in 1800, Indonesia became a treasured colony of the Netherlands. During this period the Dutch embraced the delicious Indonesian cuisine both at home and abroad.
Where did the Dutch have control in Asia?
The Dutch established a colony at Tayouan (present-day Anping), in the south of Taiwan, an island then largely dominated by Portuguese traders and known as Formosa; and, in 1642 the Dutch took northern Formosa from the Spanish by force. In 1646, the Dutch tried to capture the Spanish colony in the Philippines.
What happened to Indonesia after ww2?
Under pressure from radical and politicised pemuda (‘youth’) groups, on 17 August 1945, two days after the Japanese Emperor’s surrender in the Pacific, Sukarno and Hatta proclaimed Indonesian independence.