The term Boer, derived from the Afrikaans word for farmer, was used to describe the people in southern Africa who traced their ancestry to Dutch, German and French Huguenot settlers who arrived in the Cape of Good Hope from 1652.
What did the Boers call themselves?
The term Afrikaners or Afrikaans people is generally used in modern-day South Africa for the white Afrikaans-speaking population of South Africa (the largest group of White South Africans) encompassing the Boers and the other descendants of the Cape Dutch who did not embark on the Great Trek.
What were Boers known as?
The Boers, also known as Afrikaners, were the descendants of the original Dutch settlers of southern Africa.
What is the difference between Boers and Afrikaners?
Boer, (Dutch: “husbandman,” or “farmer”), a South African of Dutch, German, or Huguenot descent, especially one of the early settlers of the Transvaal and the Orange Free State. Today, descendants of the Boers are commonly referred to as Afrikaners. … For the most part, modern Afrikaners have descended from this group.
Where did Dutch settlers called Boers establish their colony?
The Orange Free State and the Transvaal (officially the South African Republic) were independent countries in southern Africa in the 19th century established largely by Dutch/Afrikaans-speaking settlers known as the Boers (Boer translates to “farmer” in Dutch).
Why did the Boers leave Cape Colony?
There were many reasons why the Boers left the Cape Colony; among the initial reasons were the language laws. The British had proclaimed the English language as the only language of the Cape Colony and prohibited the use of the Dutch language. … This caused further dissatisfaction among the Dutch settlers.
Did the Dutch support the Boers?
During the war the Netherlands was largely pro-Boer, and some 2000 Dutch volunteers traveled to South Africa to fight for the two Boer republics. … Since 1899, there are streets throughout the Netherlands which are named after Afrikaners from the South African Republic and the Orange Free State.
Why did the Boers and the British fight?
The war began on October 11 1899, following a Boer ultimatum that the British should cease building up their forces in the region. The Boers had refused to grant political rights to non-Boer settlers, known as Uitlanders, most of whom were British, or to grant civil rights to Africans.
Why did the Boers go on the Great Trek?
Great Trek (1835–40) Migration of c. 12,000 Boers from Cape Colony into the South African interior. Their motives were to escape British control and to acquire cheap land. The majority settled in what became Orange Free State, Transvaal, and Natal.
What was South Africa called before?
The name “South Africa” is derived from the country’s geographic location at the southern tip of Africa. Upon formation, the country was named the Union of South Africa in English and Unie van Zuid-Afrika in Dutch, reflecting its origin from the unification of four formerly separate British colonies.
Did the Boers have slaves?
The Boers employed many local people in exploitative arrangements, and they also imported slaves from Indonesia, Sri Lanka, and Madagascar, people who eventually came to be known collectively as “Cape Malays” and were considered part of the “coloured” population, along with people of mixed ancestry.
Why did the British invade South Africa?
The British wanted to control South Africa because it was one of the trade routes to India. … British rule made their country increasingly a country of industry and business. The Boers also felt that the native Africans were inferior and should be treated as slaves. The British insisted that Africans should have rights.
Why are there so many Dutch in South Africa?
Due to the value of the spice trade between Europe and their outposts in the East Indies, Dutch ships began to call sporadically at the Cape in search of provisions after 1598.
Why did many Boers leave Cape Colony in the 1830s and 1840s?
Great Trek, Afrikaans Groot Trek, the emigration of some 12,000 to 14,000 Boers from Cape Colony in South Africa between 1835 and the early 1840s, in rebellion against the policies of the British government and in search of fresh pasturelands.
What is the Orange Free State called now?
The province remained unchanged when the Union of South Africa became the Republic of South Africa in 1961; but, after apartheid was abolished and the provincial governments were reorganized in 1993–94, the Orange Free State was renamed simply Free State.
Why did the Boers leave Cape Colony quizlet?
They urge the Boers to treat the Africans more fairly, but the Boers believe that they are superior to the indigenous Africans. In the hopes of escaping British rule, thousands of Boers leave the Cape Colony in the “Great Trek” and establish the Orange Free State and the Transvaal.