Afrikaans language, also called Cape Dutch, West Germanic language of South Africa, developed from 17th-century Dutch, sometimes called Netherlandic, by the descendants of European (Dutch, German, and French) colonists, indigenous Khoisan peoples, and African and Asian slaves in the Dutch colony at the Cape of Good …
What language did the Dutch Boers in South Africa speak?
By the end of the 18th century the cultural links between the Boers and their urban counterparts were diminishing, although both groups continued to speak Afrikaans, a language that had evolved from the admixture of Dutch, indigenous African, and other languages.
What do the Dutch call their language?
Dutch language, also called Netherlandic or Dutch Nederlands, in Belgium called Flemish or Flemish Vlaams, a West Germanic language that is the national language of the Netherlands and, with French and German, one of the three official languages of Belgium.
Is Dutch the same as Afrikaans?
Afrikaans is a Dutch dialect. It’s actually a 17th century form of Dutch as it was the language spoken in Holland at the time they settled and colonized what was then South Africa. The language in Holland progressed and evolved while the Dutch (Afrikaans) of South Africa pretty much remained the same.
What African country speaks Dutch?
Dutch is spoken not only in the Netherlands, but it is also the official language of Flanders, the neighbouring northern provinces of Belgium. Worldwide, Dutch is a national language in Suriname (South America), Aruba and the Dutch Antilles (Caribbean).
What is the difference between Afrikaners and Boers?
Afrikaner directly translated means African, and thus refers to all Afrikaans-speaking people in Africa who have their origins in the Cape Colony founded by Jan Van Riebeeck. Boer is a specific group within the larger Afrikaans-speaking population.
Can Afrikaans speakers understand Dutch?
Intelligibility between Dutch and Afrikaans
Although Afrikaans is a daughter of Dutch, Dutch speakers might take some time to understand the language but they can understand Afrikaans. On the other hand, speakers of Afrikaans might not be able to readily comprehend the Dutch language.
Are German and Dutch similar?
The lexical similarity between German and Dutch is roughly as similar as that between Spanish and Italian. While German and Dutch are quite similar in terms of vocabulary, they do differ significantly grammatically. This is because Dutch has evolved to have a ‘simpler’ grammar structure for a learner.
Is Deutsch and Dutch the same?
The term Dutch refers to the language spoken in the Netherlands. … Over time, “Deutsch” gradually morphed into “Dutch”, which was used to refer to people from both the highlands that make up present-day Germany, and the lowlands that make up the present-day Netherlands.
Do the Dutch speak French?
The official language of the Netherlands is Dutch, spoken by almost all people in the Netherlands.
Languages of the Netherlands.
|Languages of Netherlands|
|Foreign||English (90-93%) (excluding the BES Islands) German (71%), French (29%), Spanish (5%)|
|Signed||Dutch Sign Language|
Was South Africa colonized by the Dutch?
Increased European encroachment ultimately led to the colonisation and occupation of South Africa by the Dutch. The Cape Colony remained under Dutch rule until 1795 before it fell to the British Crown, before reverting back to Dutch Rule in 1803 and again to British occupation in 1806.
Did the Dutch colonize South Africa?
The Dutch established a colony in Africa before many other European countries. It is also the first colonial country which came to South Africa. … The number of Dutch in South Africa was only 90 in 1652, which reached 16,000 in 1795.
Is Dutch an official language in South Africa?
In 1961 Dutch was replaced by Afrikaans as a co-official language. … Since 2012 a new language policy has been implemented where working languages of all government institutions were established.
Which African countries speak Afrikaans?
Afrikaans, also known as the Cape Dutch, belongs to the west Germanic branch of the Indo-European language family. It is spoken by 6.9 million people as a first and by 10.3 million people as a second language in South Africa. Afrikaans is also spoken in Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Namibia, Swaziland and Zambia.
Are the Dutch German?
Nederlanders) are a Germanic ethnic group and nation native to the Netherlands. They share a common ancestry and culture and speak the Dutch language.
Are Flemish and Dutch the same language?
Many believe that these two languages are one in the same, or that their only difference is their geographical location. … The Dutch language spoken in the Netherlands has more of an English influence, whilst the language in the Flander region, the Flemish speaking region of Belgium, has a stronger French manifestation.