How did the Netherlands dominate the Indian Ocean trade?

How did the Dutch gain control of the Indian Ocean trade?

How did the Dutch gain control of much of the Indian Ocean Trade? With their army of 20,000 vessels/ships, they conquered the English and those in Portugal. Their power kept growing until they finally took control of the Indian Ocean Trade.

Who dominated much of the Indian Ocean trade?

But despite this diversity, for the most part, especially on the Western half of the Indian Ocean basin, the trade was dominated by Muslim merchants. Why? Largely because they had the money to build ships, although we will see that in the 15th century, the Chinese state could have changed that balance completely.

Why were the Dutch so successful in establishing a trading?

The Dutch were so successful in establishing a trading empire in the Indian Ocean because they were able to put more resources into it and beat out the others. Why did China not undergo widespread industrialization? … Christian Missionaries brought their religion, European technologies and sciences with them into China.

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What goods did the Dutch bring to Indian Ocean trade?

Traded commodities included textiles, pepper, and yarn from India, cinnamon, cardamom, and gems from Sri Lanka. Some were traded only over short distances, while others traveled greater distances, such as between Indonesia, China, and Japan.

Did the Dutch control the Indian Ocean trade?

Dutch East India Company, byname of United East India Company, Dutch Vereenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie, trading company founded in the Dutch Republic (present-day Netherlands) in 1602 to protect that state’s trade in the Indian Ocean and to assist in the Dutch war of independence from Spain.

What was the important contribution of the Dutch to India?

The major Indian commodities traded by the Dutch were cotton, indigo, silk, rice and opium. The Dutch, during their stay in India, tried their hands on the minting of coinages. As their trade flourished they established mints at Cochin, Masulipattam, Nagapatam Pondicherry and Pulicat.

How did Europe first enter Indian Ocean Trade?

Portuguese period

The Portuguese under Vasco da Gama discovered a naval route to the Indian Ocean through the southern tip of Africa in 1497–98. … European slave trade in the Indian Ocean began when Portugal established Estado da Índia in the early 16th century.

Why was the Indian Ocean Trade so successful?

Long before Europeans “discovered” the Indian Ocean, traders from Arabia, Gujarat, and other coastal areas used triangle-sailed dhows to harness the seasonal monsoon winds. Domestication of the camel helped bring coastal trade goods such as silk, porcelain, spices, incense, and ivory to inland empires, as well.

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What caused the Indian Ocean Trade?

Two major causes included: The rise and expansion of Islam in the 7th century led to vast Islamic empires such as the Abbasid supporting commerce: Muhammad had been a trader before founding Islam, so trade always had a favored position within Islam.

Why was the Netherlands so powerful?

Taking advantage of a favorable agricultural base, the Dutch achieved success in the fishing industry and the Baltic and North Sea carrying trade during the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries before establishing a far-flung maritime empire in the seventeenth century.

What did the Dutch trade in the New World?

A Dutch merchant company chartered in 1602 to carry on trade with Africa, the West Indies, North and South America, and Australia. The sale and exchange of animal furs (like beaver pelts). French and Dutch colonizers focused on trading furs with Native American tribes in North America.

How did the Dutch gain power in Europe?

The Dutch were among the earliest empire-builders of Europe, following Spain and Portugal. … The imperial ambitions of the Dutch were bolstered by the strength of their existing shipping industry, as well as the key role they played in the expansion of maritime trade between Europe and the Orient.

What were the Indian commodities that the Dutch trade in?

The major Indian commodities traded by the Dutch were cotton, indigo, silk, rice, and opium.

How did merchants change the Indian Ocean trade system?

As merchants moved throughout the Indian Ocean network, they established diaspora communities (communities of immigrants living away from their homeland). Through these diaspora communities, merchants introduced their cultural traditions into local indigenous cultures.

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What were the Indian commodities that the Dutch trade in answer?

The major Indian commodities traded by the Dutch were cotton, indigo, silk, rice and opium. The Dutch, during their stay in India, tried their hands on the minting of coinages. As their trade flourished they established mints at Cochin, Masulipattam, Nagapatam Pondicherry and Pulicat.