How did the Dutch revolt increased Catholic threat?

– The Dutch revolt also increased the threat as it brought Alba’s 10,000 Catholic troops in close proximity to England. – Elizabeth’s actions also increased the threat as, by sheltering Dutch Sea Beggars and taking the Geonese loan, she damaged Anglo-Spanish relations.

What was the Catholic threat?

Fear of Catholic plots

The rulers of the most powerful countries in Europe – Spain and France – were Catholic, and plots often had foreign backing. In 1570 the Pope issued a Papal Bull of Excommunication against Elizabeth and actively encouraged plots against her.

How did Elizabeth deal with Catholic threats?

It therefore can be said that whilst the Catholic threat was high during the middle years of her reign, Elizabeth dealt with it well, issuing laws and using the sources she had, such as one of her advisors Walsingham working around the country helping to diminish the threat.

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Why was the papacy a threat to Elizabeth?

The Northern Rebellion, an uprising led by Catholic nobles in the north, was the first serious threat to Elizabeth’s power. The pope’s bull was issued to support this rebellion. The papal bull excommunicated Elizabeth and stated that English Catholics were not required to obey her.

What happened to Catholicism in Elizabethan England?

Roman Catholicism was enforced in England and Wales during the reign of Mary I. Protestants were persecuted and a number were executed as heretics. Many fled for their own safety to Protestant states in Europe. However, all this changed on the death of Mary and the accession of Elizabeth I in 1558.

How did the Dutch revolt threaten Elizabeth?

English sailors like Hawkins and Drake attacked and stole treasure from Spanish ships in the New World. … Protestants in the Netherlands began a revolt against Spanish rule in 1572. Elizabeth secretly supported the Dutch rebels because she knew the Dutch revolt would keep the Spanish too busy to threaten England.

What was Elizabeth’s greatest threat?

following the death of her sister Mary in 1558 the threats she faced included further war with France, religious unrest and loss of power if she married.

Why did the Catholic threat to Elizabeth increase?

There are many reasons for this, including interference in English affairs from the Pope, Elizabeth’s role in the Dutch revolt (which angered Catholic Spain), Mary Queen of Scots’ arrival in England in 1568 and the rebellion in 1569 that was led by the Catholic Earls Northumberland and Westmoreland.

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How many Catholics were killed during Elizabeth’s reign?

In this fascinating interview, she explores the Catholic predicament in Elizabethan England – an age in which their faith was criminalised, and almost two hundred Catholics were executed.

How effectively did Elizabeth deal with the threat from Spain?

Its complete failure effectively ended any threat England faced from Spain. Elizabeth did not follow up this success. Despite the advice of the ‘sea dogs’, she knew that England needed a strong (but non-threatening) Spain to counter-balance France.

Why did the Catholics not like Elizabeth?

The new pope, Pius V, did not like Elizabeth. Like all Catholics, he believed she was illegitimate, and thus had no right to the throne of England. Catholics believed that the true Queen of the land was Mary Queen of Scots.

How did the Catholic Church respond to the scientific revolution?

The Church felt threatened (“both its teachings and authority were under attack”), and attacked some prominent scientists. Bruno was burned at the stake. Galileo was made to renounce his beliefs.

Why was the Puritan movement seen as a significant threat to the religious settlement of 1559?

Puritans were strict Protestants who wanted to ‘purify’ the Church and get rid of all traces of the Catholic faith. Many had fled abroad when Mary I, a Catholic, was queen, but had started to return when Elizabeth, a Protestant, came to the throne.

How did the Catholic Church respond to the Protestant Reformation?

The Roman Catholic Church responded with a Counter-Reformation initiated by the Council of Trent and spearheaded by the new order of the Society of Jesus (Jesuits), specifically organized to counter the Protestant movement. In general, Northern Europe, with the exception of most of Ireland, turned Protestant.

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