In the 1600s, the Dutch East India Company (VOC) began colonizing parts of Indonesia. After the abolition of the VOC in 1796, the Dutch government gained control over Indonesia, which was then referred to as the Netherlands East Indies.
Who was Indonesia colonized by?
In 1596 the first Dutch vessels anchored at the shores of West Java. Over the next three centuries, the Dutch gradually colonized this archipelago until it became known as the Dutch East Indies.
When did the Dutch fully colonize Indonesia?
Colonial Period of Indonesia. The colonial period of Indonesia did not immediately start when the Dutch first arrived in the archipelago at the end of the 16th century. Instead, it was a slow process of political expansion that took centuries to reach the territorial boundaries of present-day Indonesia.
Which countries did the Dutch colonize?
The Dutch colonized many parts of the world — from America to Asia and Africa to South America; they also occupied many African countries for years. From the 17th century onwards, the Dutch started to colonize many parts of Africa, including Ivory Coast, Ghana, South Africa, Angola, Namibia and Senegal.
How did the Dutch affect Indonesia?
Starting in the 1830s, the Dutch instituted a sugar-growing system in some areas, building 94 sugar-processing factories, as well as roads and railroads to transport materials and products. Generally the Dutch would export high-quality sugar from Indonesia while keeping lower-quality sugar in the country.
Why did the Dutch invade Indonesia?
The Dutch arrived in Indonesia in 1595 looking for natural resources and a place to take over.
How did the Dutch treat Indonesia?
Rulers who had promised to bring so-called civilization actually brought cruelty on a vast scale. During colonial rule, Dutch forces regularly committed atrocities and Indonesian civilians were tortured, raped, and executed. Even in the last years of colonialism, thousands of supporters of independence were jailed.
How did Indonesia get colonized?
Europeans such as the Portuguese arrived in Indonesia from the 16th century seeking to monopolise the sources of valuable nutmeg, cloves, and cubeb pepper in Maluku. In 1602, the Dutch established the Dutch East India Company (VOC) and became the dominant European power by 1610.
Was Indonesia colonized by the British?
From 1811 to 1815, Indonesia was administrated by the British. … The British ruled the Malay Peninsula (British Malaya) and Northern Borneo, while the Dutch controlled Java, Sumatra, and most of the Indonesian archipelago until the Japanese invasion in 1942.
Was Indonesia a French colony?
For a short period between 1806 and 1811, Indonesia once belonged under French administration. During the reign of Governor General Herman Willem Daendels (1808–1811), France exercised its political influences in East Indies through Dutch Republic.
Was Egypt colonized or a colonizer?
The British occupied Egypt in 1882, but they did not annex it: a nominally independent Egyptian government continued to operate. But the country had already been colonized by the European powers whose influence had grown considerably since the mid-nineteenth century.
Are there still Dutch colonies?
Three former colonial territories in the West Indies islands around the Caribbean Sea—Aruba, Curaçao, and Sint Maarten—remain as constituent countries represented within the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
|Dutch Empire Keizerlijk Nederland|
Where did the Dutch colonize in the New World?
New Netherland was the first Dutch colony in North America. It extended from Albany, New York, in the north to Delaware in the south and encompassed parts of what are now the states of New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Maryland, Connecticut, and Delaware.
Can Indonesian understand Dutch?
They can speak Dutch because of Netherland colonization in Indonesia. Most of them don’t teach their offsprings. So, the Dutch speakers in Indonesia decrease by the time. I’m Indonesian and my great-grandmother can speak Dutch because she got to school when Netherland colonized Indonesia.